Updated: Jan 27, 2019
"Can you please give us a more medical/scientific approach to nutrition. IMO, our body is a chemical reactor, and needs the appropriate intake of carbs, proteins, fats, fruits and vegs. How does this all interact? God only knows..." ~ A CF'er
I would start by asking you why you need to know this. Of course, you'll say "because I want to use it to make better food choices," but I would argue that it isn't necessary. Do you know how the human respiratory system works? And if you were to gain a better understanding of it, would it help you to breathe better? The natural world is replete with systems that most of us do not truly understand, and yet we make use of those systems every day.
How much do you really need to know about nutrition?
Food is an unfathomably complex subject - the best food scientists in the world don't really understand it. If PhD'd peeps who spend their whole lives trying to decode what lurks within our favourite fruits and vegetables can't find any meaningful consensus, what hope do you have? In the last few decades alone, we used science to take aim at protein, carbs, fats, bad fats, salt and sugar. There ain't much left to put between the crosshairs - and the source of these inconsistencies is a fundamental ignorance of the labyrinth which is food.
In his outstanding tome “In Defense of Food,” Michael Pollen lists the anti oxidants present in a leaf of thyme. Get a load of this garbage: